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Fortified Balanced Energy-protein Supplementation, Maternal Anemia, and Gestational Weight Gain: A Randomized Controlled Efficacy Trial Among Pregnant Women In Rural Burkina Faso

Anemia and suboptimal gestational weight gain (GWG) are associated with adverse maternal and birth outcomes. Limited research indicates that balanced energy-protein (BEP) supplements reduce the incidence of inadequate GWG. Objectives: We assessed the efficacy of a micronutrient fortified BEP supplement on the secondary outcomes: anemia, GWG, GWG rate, and GWG in relation to the IOM's recommendations, as compared to an iron-folic acid (IFA) tablet.